Set in a canyon, this city is home to a UNESCO World Heritage-protected historical district called the Sassi. A prehistoric troglodyte (cave dwelling) settlement, the neighborhood of homes was created from habitations dug into the rocks. People lived in caves from prehistoric times until the 1950s when the conditions became so deplorable that the government relocated the majority of the cave population to new housing. Since the Sassi became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993, the area has undergone a renewal and many of the caves have transformed into lovely shops, restaurants and hotels.

The churches in Matera, such as the Matera Cathedral and Pietro Barisano, are also worth visiting for their excellent restored architecture and art collections.

Written by Kira Reinke

More Inspiration

Indagare employees walking up stiars

Enjoy 30 Days On Us!

Start your Self Planner
membership trial today.

Unlock access to 2,000+ first-hand hotel reviews, 300+ Destination Guides and the most up-to-date travel news and inspiration.

Already a member?

Welcome back,
log in to Indagare

Not a member?

Forgot Password

Enter your email and we’ll send you a link to reset your password.

Type the first 3 letters to begin